Bnf amoxicillin

Bnf amoxicillin
Bnf amoxicillin
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Bnf amoxicillin
Bnf amoxicillin

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  1. BNF Amoxicillin
  2. Uses
  3. Dosage
  4. Side Effects
  5. Precautions
  6. Interactions
  7. Contraindications
  8. Overdose
  9. Storage

See also Amoxil

Amoxicillin is an antibiotic medication that belongs to the penicillin class of drugs. It is used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections, such as respiratory tract infections, ear infections, throat infections, skin infections, and urinary tract infections. Amoxicillin works by inhibiting the growth of bacteria, helping the body's immune system to fight off the infection.

When prescribed, the dosage of amoxicillin usually depends on the severity of the infection and the patient's age. The medication comes in different forms, including tablets, capsules, and oral suspension. It is important to take amoxicillin as directed by a healthcare professional and to complete the full course of treatment, even if the symptoms improve before the medication is finished.

While amoxicillin is generally safe and well-tolerated, it can cause certain side effects. Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and stomach pain. In rare cases, more serious side effects may occur, such as allergic reactions, severe skin rash, or liver problems. If any unusual or severe side effects are experienced, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

Before taking amoxicillin, it is important to inform the healthcare professional about any allergies, medical conditions, or medications being taken, as certain medications may interact with amoxicillin or increase the risk of side effects. It is also important to follow the precautions and warnings associated with amoxicillin, such as avoiding alcohol while taking the medication and informing the healthcare professional if pregnant or breastfeeding.

BNF Amoxicillin

Amoxicillin is a widely used antibiotic in the BNF (British National Formulary) for the treatment of various infections. It belongs to the class of penicillin antibiotics and is commonly prescribed to fight bacterial infections such as respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and skin infections.

Amoxicillin is available in various formulations, including oral tablets, capsules, and suspensions. The dosage and duration of treatment may vary depending on the type and severity of the infection. It is important to follow the prescribed dosage and complete the full course of treatment to ensure the effectiveness of the antibiotic.

Like any medication, amoxicillin may cause side effects. Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and rashes. If any severe side effects or allergic reactions occur, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

Before taking amoxicillin, it is crucial to inform the healthcare provider about any allergies, medical conditions, and ongoing medications to avoid any potential drug interactions or complications. It is also important to take the medication as directed and not to skip or modify the dosage without consulting a healthcare professional.

In conclusion, amoxicillin is a commonly prescribed antibiotic in the BNF for the treatment of bacterial infections. It is important to take the medication as prescribed and to be aware of possible side effects and precautions. Consulting a healthcare professional is advised for personalized treatment and guidance.


Amoxicillin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic medication that is commonly prescribed for various bacterial infections. It is effective in treating respiratory tract infections such as sinusitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Amoxicillin is also used to treat bacterial infections of the ear, nose, and throat, including tonsillitis and otitis media.

Furthermore, amoxicillin is commonly prescribed for skin and soft tissue infections, such as cellulitis and impetigo. It is also effective in treating urinary tract infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Additionally, amoxicillin is used in the treatment of dental infections such as periodontitis and dental abscesses.

Amoxicillin is often prescribed as a prophylactic measure before certain dental procedures or surgical interventions to prevent bacterial infections. It is also used in combination with other medications to eradicate Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium that causes peptic ulcers.

The uses of amoxicillin extend to treating infections in pregnant women, as it is considered safe to use during pregnancy. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional before taking any medication, especially during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.


Amoxicillin is typically prescribed in different dosages depending on the condition being treated and the age and weight of the patient. The dosage may vary for adults, children, and infants. It is important to follow the prescribed dosing instructions provided by the healthcare professional or as mentioned on the label.

The common dosage range for adults is usually between 250mg to 500mg taken orally three times a day. However, the exact dosage may differ based on the severity of the infection. Higher dosages may be recommended for more severe infections.

For children and infants, the dosage is often based on their weight. The healthcare professional will calculate the appropriate dosage based on the child's weight and determine the frequency of administration. It is essential to strictly follow the prescribed dosage to ensure effective treatment and minimize the risk of side effects.

In certain cases, such as severe infections or specific medical conditions, the dosage may be adjusted by the healthcare professional. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the correct dosage and duration of treatment for individual circumstances.

Side Effects

Amoxicillin is generally safe and well-tolerated by most people, but it can cause some side effects in certain individuals. These side effects can vary in severity and may include:

  • Gastrointestinal disturbances: Amoxicillin can cause stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and go away on their own after finishing the course of medication.
  • Allergic reactions: Some individuals may experience allergic reactions to amoxicillin, which can range from mild skin rashes to severe allergic reactions like anaphylaxis. It is important to seek immediate medical attention if you develop any signs of an allergic reaction, such as difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, or throat, or hives.
  • Yeast infections: Amoxicillin can disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in the body, which may lead to the overgrowth of a fungal infection, such as a vaginal yeast infection. Symptoms may include itching, burning, and discharge. If you experience these symptoms, it is advised to consult your healthcare provider.
  • Other side effects: Amoxicillin can also cause other less common side effects, such as dizziness, headache, tiredness, and changes in taste. These side effects are usually mild and go away on their own.

If you experience any of these side effects or have concerns about taking amoxicillin, it is important to discuss them with your healthcare provider for further guidance.


Before taking Amoxicillin, it is important to inform your healthcare provider about any known allergies to penicillin or any other medication. Allergic reactions to Amoxicillin can range from mild to severe and may include symptoms such as rash, itching, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat. If you experience any of these symptoms, seek immediate medical attention.

It is also crucial to inform your doctor about any medical conditions you have, especially if you have a history of liver or kidney disease, asthma, or mononucleosis. Amoxicillin may not be suitable for individuals with these conditions or may require dosage adjustments.

Amoxicillin is generally safe to use during pregnancy, but it is still important to discuss with your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. Your doctor will weigh the potential benefits and risks before prescribing Amoxicillin.

If you are breastfeeding, it is essential to let your healthcare provider know, as Amoxicillin can pass into breast milk and may affect the nursing infant. Your doctor may recommend an alternative medication or ask you to temporarily stop breastfeeding while taking Amoxicillin.

Take Amoxicillin as prescribed by your doctor and complete the full course of treatment, even if you start feeling better. Stopping the medication too soon may allow the bacteria to continue growing, which could lead to a relapse or the development of antibiotic resistance.


When taking Amoxicillin, it is important to be aware of potential drug interactions as they may affect how the medication works or increase the risk of side effects. It is crucial to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications, supplements, and herbal products you are currently taking or plan to take while using Amoxicillin.

Drug interactions:

  • Oral contraceptives: Amoxicillin may decrease the effectiveness of oral contraceptives, leading to a potential risk of pregnancy. Additional contraceptive measures should be taken while using Amoxicillin.
  • Probenecid: Probenecid can increase the blood levels of Amoxicillin, leading to an increased risk of side effects. A dose adjustment may be necessary.
  • Anticoagulants (such as Warfarin): The use of Amoxicillin may increase the risk of bleeding in patients taking anticoagulants. Close monitoring of blood clotting parameters is recommended.
  • Methotrexate: Concurrent use of Amoxicillin and methotrexate may result in an increased risk of methotrexate toxicity. Regular monitoring of methotrexate levels and adjustment of the drug dose may be required.

Food interactions:

  • Grapefruit juice: Drinking grapefruit juice may increase the absorption of Amoxicillin, potentially leading to higher blood levels of the medication. It is advisable to avoid consuming grapefruit juice while taking Amoxicillin.

It is essential to discuss all potential drug interactions with your healthcare provider to ensure the safe and effective use of Amoxicillin.


Amoxicillin should not be used in patients who have a known allergy to this medication or to any other penicillin antibiotics. An allergic reaction to amoxicillin can include symptoms such as rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, or trouble breathing. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to stop taking the medication and seek immediate medical attention.

In addition, amoxicillin should not be used in patients with a history of liver disease. The medication is metabolized by the liver, and individuals with impaired liver function may not be able to properly process the drug, leading to potential side effects and complications. It is important to inform your doctor if you have any history of liver problems before starting amoxicillin.

Certain medical conditions may also be contraindications for using amoxicillin. For example, individuals with mononucleosis, asthma, or a history of gastrointestinal problems should use caution when taking this medication, as it may worsen these conditions or interact with other drugs. It is important to discuss your medical history with your doctor before starting amoxicillin to ensure it is safe for you to take.

Lastly, amoxicillin should not be used during pregnancy or while breastfeeding without the guidance and approval of a healthcare professional. The medication may pass into breast milk and could potentially harm a nursing baby. It is important to discuss the potential risks and benefits with your doctor before taking amoxicillin if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.


Exceeding the recommended dosage of Amoxicillin can lead to an overdose of the medication. Taking too much Amoxicillin can result in negative side effects and potential harm to the body. It is important to carefully follow the prescribed dosage and not exceed the recommended amount.

If an overdose does occur, it is crucial to seek medical attention immediately. The symptoms of Amoxicillin overdose may include severe stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and a change in urine color. Emergency medical treatment is necessary to prevent any further complications.

In cases of overdose, a healthcare provider will likely administer treatment to remove the excess Amoxicillin from the body. This may involve pumping the stomach or providing medications to induce vomiting. Supportive care will also be offered to manage the symptoms and stabilize the patient's condition.

Preventing an overdose of Amoxicillin is essential through careful adherence to the prescribed dosage and instructions. Do not take more Amoxicillin than prescribed or use it for a longer period than recommended by a healthcare professional. If any concerns or questions arise regarding the medication, it is crucial to consult a healthcare provider for guidance and clarification.

In summary, an Amoxicillin overdose can lead to harmful effects on the body. It is important to follow the prescribed dosage and seek medical attention immediately if an overdose occurs. Preventing an overdose through careful adherence to instructions and communication with healthcare providers is crucial for the safe use of Amoxicillin.


Proper storage of Amoxicillin is essential to ensure its effectiveness and prevent any potential harm. Here are some guidelines on how to store this medication:

  • Keep Amoxicillin in its original container, tightly closed, and away from heat, moisture, and direct sunlight.
  • Store Amoxicillin at room temperature, between 68°F and 77°F (20°C and 25°C).
  • Avoid storing Amoxicillin in humid areas such as the bathroom, as moisture can degrade the medication.
  • Do not freeze Amoxicillin.
  • Keep Amoxicillin out of reach of children and pets.

It is important to check the expiration date of Amoxicillin and dispose of any medication that is past its expiration date. Do not use Amoxicillin if it has expired as it may not be as effective and could potentially be harmful.

Following these storage guidelines will help ensure the potency and safety of Amoxicillin for its intended use.


What is storage?

Storage refers to the process of saving and retrieving data in computer memory. It is a fundamental aspect of any computer system.

What are the different types of storage?

There are several types of storage, including hard disk drives (HDD), solid-state drives (SSD), optical drives, and cloud storage. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages.

What is the difference between HDD and SSD?

HDDs use spinning disks to store data, while SSDs use flash memory. SSDs are generally faster and more reliable than HDDs, but they are also more expensive.

What is cloud storage?

Cloud storage refers to the storage of data on remote servers accessed over the internet. It allows users to access their files from any device with an internet connection and provides backup and data recovery options.

What is the maximum storage capacity available today?

The maximum storage capacity available today is constantly increasing as technology advances. Currently, hard drives can have capacities of up to 18 terabytes, while solid-state drives can reach up to 100 terabytes.

What is storage?

Storage refers to the process of preserving and organizing data, files, and information in a digital format. It involves storing data on physical devices such as hard drives, solid-state drives, or cloud storage.



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